Meadows, Fields & Thickets

Lupinus perennis L.
Wild Lupine

Habitat: Dry sandy open woods & clearings

Note: The federally endangered Karner blue butterfly relies on Lupinus perennis as a larval host plant. Once common throughout the country including Maine, The Karner blue butterfly is now only found in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Wisconsin, and Ontario, Canada. In New Hampshire, Karner blue butterflies are found in the Concord Pine Barrens in East Concord. For a number of years biologists have been releasing captive-bred Karner, and they have begun breeding in the wild.

sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/lupper.htm
http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/lupinus_perennis.shtml
https://www.fws.gov/midwest/Endangered/insects/kbb/pdf/kbb-final-rp2.pdf

Symphyotrichum dumosum (L.) Nesom
Bushy Aster

Habitat: Fields, woodlands, and dry, sandy places.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/symdum.htm

Symphyotrichum patens (Ait.) Nesom
Late Purple Aster
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/sympat.htm

Habitat: Dry, open woods and fields.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/symdum.htm

Sericocarpus asteroides (L.) B.S.P.
White-topped Aster

Habitat: Open woods and clearings. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/serast.htm

Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash
Indian Grass

Habitat: Dry slopes, prairies, and borders of woods. [Non-tidal rivershore (non-forested, seasonally wet)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/sornut.htm

Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer
Southern Slender Ladies’-tresses

Habitat: Xeric to mesic meadows, fields, woodlands, and roadsides.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/spirantheslac.htm

Sericocarpus asteroides (L.) B.S.P.
White-topped Aster

Habitat: Open woods and clearings. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland)]

Sources:
https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/sericocarpus/asteroides/

Salix occidentalis Walt.
Dwarf Prairie Willow

Habitat: Dry barrens, plains, and slopes. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), grassland, meadows and fields, woodlands

Note: Many willows (Salixspecies) have bitter-tasting bark that contains derivatives of salicylic acid, the main compound in aspirin.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/salixocc.html

Scrophularia marilandica L.
Carpenter’s Square

Habitat: Rich, open woods and thickets [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland].

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/scrmar.htm

Liatris novae-angliae (Lunnell) Shinners
Northern Blazing Star

Habitat: Dry grasslands, barrens, and woods openings. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/lianov.html

Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville
Yellow Star-grass

Habitat: Dry, open woods; forest edges; fields; and meadows.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/hyphir.htm

Gentianella quinquefolia (L.) Small
Stiff Gentian

Habitat: Rich woods, wet, gravelly banks, damp fields.

Note: Gentianella quinquefolia (L.) Small is traditional medicinal plant. The root is cathartic, febrifuge, haemostatic, stimulant and stomachic. A tea or tincture of the root is a bitter tonic, used to stimulate the digestion and a poor appetite. An infusion has also been used to treat diarrhoea, sore chest, worms and haemorrhages. A homeopathic remedy is made from the root. It is used in the treatment of intermittent fevers and as a stomachic and tonic.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/genlaqui.htm
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Gentianella+quinquefolia

Geum fragarioides (Michx.) Smedmark
Barren-strawberry

Habitat: Woods, thickets, and clearings. [Old field/roadside (non-forested, wetland or upland)]

Note: Geum fragarioides (Michx.) Smedmark, Barren-strawberry resembles wild strawberry and is edible.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/geufra.html

Erigeron acris L. var. kamtschatica (DC.) Hara
Bitter Fleabane

Habitat: Damp, sandy banks, thickets, and clearings.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/eriacr.html

Carex hirtifolia Mackenzie
Pubescent Sedge

Habitat: Rich woods and meadows

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxhir.htm

Carex oronensis Fern.
Orono Sedge

Habitat: Fields, meadows and clearings. [Old field/roadside (non-forested, wetland or upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxoro.htm

Carex waponahkikensis M. Lovit & A. Haines
Dawn-land sedge

Habitat: Open, early successional, and often human-disturbed habitats, including fields, roadsides, and ditches. [Old field/roadside (non-forested, wetland or upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxwap.htm

Carex bushii Mackenzie
Bush’s Sedge

Habitat: Meadows, fields, moist open woods

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxbus.htm

Carex bullata Schkuhr ex Willd.
Button Sedge

Habitat: Meadows, swamps, bogs

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxbul.htm

Carex bicknellii Britt.
Bicknell’s Sedge

Habitat: Open woods, fields, meadows in moist or dry soil. [Old field/roadside (non-forested wetland or upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxbic.htm

Carex atherodes Spreng.
Awned Sedge

Habitat: Calcareous meadows, swales, and shores [Coastal non-tidal wetland (non-forested, wetland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxath.htm

Ceanothus americanus L.
New Jersey Tea

Habitat: Dry open woods and gravelly or rocky banks. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland); Rocky summits and outcrops (non-forested, upland); Old field / roadside (non-forested, wetland or upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/ceaame.htm

Botrychium pallidum W. H. Wagner
Pale moonwort

There is one documented occurrence of this species in Maine from an open field / blueberry barren.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/botpal.htm

Botrychium lunaria (L.) Sw.
Moonwort

Habitat: Open turfy, gravelly or ledgy slopes, shores and meadows, chiefly calcareous. [Old field/roadside (non-forested, wetland or upland); Rocky coastal (non-forested, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/botlun.htm

Allium canadense L.
Wild Garlic

Habitat: Alluvial woods, thickets, and meadows. [Forested wetland; Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/allcan.htm

Bromus kalmii Gray
Wild Chess

Habitat: Dry or moist open soil or thickets, often calcareous.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/brokal.htm

Amelanchier nantucketensis Bickn.
Nantucket Shadbush

Habitat: Pine barrens, pond margins, fields, edges, and thickets. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland); Non-tidal rivershore (non-forested, seasonally wet); Old field / roadside (non-forested, wetland or upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/amenan.htm

Hieracium gronovii L.
Hairy Hawkweed

Habitat: Dry open woods, thickets, openings, sometimes fields and pastures, especially in sandy soil.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/hiegro.htm

Parietaria pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd.
Pennsylvania Pellitory

Habitat: Gravelly beaches, dry woods, and moist banks; sometimes weedy in areas where it is more common.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/paripen.htm

Verbena urticifolia L.
White Vervain

Habitat: Rich thickets and borders of woods. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland); Open wetland, not coastal nor rivershore (non-forested, wetland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/verurt.htm

Salix myricoides Muhl.
Blue-leaf Willow

Habitat: Banks of streams, pond-shores and low thickets. [Non-tidal rivershore (non-forested, seasonally wet)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/salixmyr.htm

Salix candida Fluegge ex Willd.
Hoary Willow

Habitat: Calcareous bogs and thickets. [Forested wetland; Open wetland, not coastal nor rivershore (non-forested, wetland); Non-tidal rivershore (non-forested, seasonally wet)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/salixcan.htm