Forest Understory

Woodsia obtusa (Spreng.) Torr.
Blunt-lobed Woodsia

Habitat: Rocky woods and ledges or dry wooded slopes. [Rocky summits and outcrops (non-forested, upland); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland).

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/woodsobt.htm

Solidago speciosa Nutt.
Showy Goldenrod

Habitat: Swampy woods [Forested wetland]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/solspe.htm

Rhododendron maximum L.
Great Rhododendron

Habitat: Damp woods, swamps, and pond margins. [Conifer forest (forest, upland); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/rhomax.htm

Pseudognaphalium micradenium (Weatherby) Nesom
Small Rabbit-tobacco

Habitat: Dry, sandy soil, often in woods. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/psemic.htm

Pycnanthemum muticum (Michx.) Pers.
Blunt Mountain-mint

Habitat: Dry woods, thickets, and clearings. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/pycmut.htm

Pyrola minor L.
Lesser Wintergreen

Habitat: Moist woods. [Conifer forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/pyrmin.htm

Lespedeza hirta (L.) Hornem.
Hairy Bush-clover

Habitat: Dry soils. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/leshir.htm

Panax quinquefolius L.
American Ginseng

Habitat: Rich, shady northern hardwood forests. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/panqui.htm

Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume
Spicebush

Habitat: Damp woods and brooksides. [Forested wetland]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/linben.htm

Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fée
Broad Beech Fern

Habitat: Rich, often rocky, hardwood forests. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/phehex.htm

Osmorhiza depauperata Phil.
Blunt-fruited Sweet-cicely

Habitat: Moist woods and woodlands.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/osmdep.htm

Isotria verticillata (Muhl ex Willd.) Raf.
Large Whorled Pogonia

Habitat: Acid or mediacid mixed forests. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/isotver.htm

Isotria medeoloides (Pursh) Raf.
Small Whorled Pogonia

Habitat: Mid-succession mixed forests. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/isotmed.htm

Kalmia latifolia L.
Mountain-laurel

Habitat: Rocky or gravelly woods and clearings, sometimes swamps. [Conifer forest (forest, upland); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/kallat.htm

Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf.
Showy Orchis

Habitat: Rich, mostly calcareous woods. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)].

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/galespe.htm

Gentianella quinquefolia (L.) Small
Stiff Gentian

Habitat: Rich woods, wet, gravelly banks, damp fields.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/genlaqui.htm

Goodyera oblongifolia Raf.
Giant Rattlesnake-plantain

Habitat: Dry coniferous or mixed woods. [Conifer forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/gooobl.htm

Hackelia deflexa (Wahlenb.) Opiz ssp. americana (Gray) A. & D. Löve
Northern Stickseed

Habitat: Rich woods. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/hacdef.htm

Eupatorium pubescens Muhl. ex Willd.
Hairy Boneset

Habitat: Dry to wet siliceous, argillaceous or peaty acid soils, open woods, clearings, savannas, etc. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/eupapub.html

Eupatorium sessilifolium L.
Upland Boneset

Habitat: Rocky forests and woodlands, edges of rock balds. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/eupases.html

Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) Gray
Goldie’s Wood Fern
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/drygol.htm

Habitat: Rich mostly calcareous woods. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott ssp. brittonii Fras.-Jenk. & Widen
Male Wood Fern

Habitat: Rich woods, glades, upland pastures and rocky slopes (chiefly limestone, trap or slate). [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/eupases.html

Dicentra canadensis(Goldie) Walp.
Squirrel-corn

Habitat: Rich woods, cave forests with sugar maple and often ash and/or basswood. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)].

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/diccan.htm

Cynoglossum virginianum L. ssp. boreale (Fern.) A. Haines
Northern Wild Comfrey

Habitat: Rich, upland woods. [Forested wetland; Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/cynvir.htm

Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC.
Wild Chervil

Habitat: Rich woods and thickets, typically in floodplains. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/crytcan.htm

Corallorhiza odontorhiza (Willd.) Poir.
Autumn Coral-root

Habitat: Dry woodlands. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/craaqu.htm

Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh
Spotted Wintergreen

Habitat: Dry woods. [Conifer forest (forest, upland); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/chimac.htm

Chenopodium foggii (H.A.) Wahl.
Fogg’s Goosefoot

Habitat: Woodlands, forest openings, and rock outcrops.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/chefog.htm

Carex laxiculmis Schwein.
Spreading Sedge

Habitat: Rich woods and glades, streambanks. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxlax.htm

Carex sparganioides Muhl. ex Willd.
Bur-reed Sedge

Habitat: Rich woods, usually maple-basswood-ash type. [ Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxspa.htm

Carex alopecoidea Tuckerman
Foxtail Sedge

Habitat: Calcareous meadows, swales, and low thickets. [Forested wetland]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/carxalo.htm

Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) Sw.
Cut-leaved Toothwort

Habitat: Rich woods, wooded bottoms and calcareous rocky banks. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Boechera laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Al-Shehbaz
Smooth Rockcress

Habitat: Rich woods and slopes or shaded ledges. [Rocky summits and outcrops (non-forested, upland); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/boelae.htm

Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach
Flowering Dogwood
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/benflo.html

Habitat: Acidic woods. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Allium canadense L.
Wild Garlic

Habitat: Alluvial woods, thickets, and meadows. [Forested wetland; Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/allcan.htm

Asarum canadense L.
Wild Ginger

Habitat: Rich woods and in the vicinity of shaded calcareous ledges. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Allium tricoccum Ait.
Wild Leek

Habitat: Rich hardwood forests, usually alluvial. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland); Forested wetland]

Sources:

Asclepias tuberosa L.
Butterfly Weed

 

Anemone acutiloba (DC.) G. Lawson
Sharp-lobed Hepatica

Habitat: Rich, often calcareous woods.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/aneacu.html

Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf.
Fern-leaved False Foxglove

Habitat: Dry deciduous woods and clearings. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/aurped.htm

Baptisia tinctoria (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f.
Yellow Wild Indigo

Habitat: Dry open woods and clearings. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/baptin.htm

Elymus hystrix L.
Bottlebrush Grass

Habitat: Rich, rocky, or alluvial deciduous forests. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/elyhys.htm

Hieracium venosum L.
Rattlesnake Hawkweed

Habitat: Dry open pine or oak woods and barrens, usually in grassy openings. [Dry barrens (partly forested, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/hieven.htm

Phryma leptostachya L.
Lopseed

Habitat: Rich thickets and woods. [Non-tidal rivershore (non-forested, seasonally wet); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/phrlep.htm

Lechea tenuifolia Michx.
Slender Pinweed

Habitat: Dry, sandy rocky or open woods.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/lecten.htm

Rosa acicularis spp. sayi (Schwein.) W.H. Lewis
Prickly Rose

Habitat: Upland woods, hills, and rocky banks.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/rosaci.htm

Thalictrum thalictroides (L.) Eames & Boivin
Rue-Anemone

Habitat: Open woods [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/thatha.htm

Trillium grandiflorum (Michx.) Salisb.
Large White Trillium

Habitat: Rich woods and thickets [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/trigra.htm

Triosteum aurantiacum Bickn.
Wild Coffee

Habitat: Rich woods and thickets. [Non-tidal rivershore (non-forested, seasonally wet); Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/trioaur.htm

Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb.
Nodding Pogonia

Habitat: Northern Hardwood (beech-birch-maple) forests, usually dominated by beech, often in deep litter. [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/tritri.htm

Viola canadensis L.
Tall White Violet

Habitat: Rich, mesic, hardwood forests (cove forests). [Hardwood to mixed forest (forest, upland)]

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/viocan.htm

Viola palmata L.
Palmate-leaved Violet

Habitat: Rich woods and clearings that are well drained.

Sources:
http://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/features/viopalm.htm